Aristotle’s “Topics” and the practical turn in the contemporary logic

Authors

  • Volodymyr Navrotskyy Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine

Keywords:

acceptance, material inference, practical turn, topos

Abstract

The report presented to the participants of Aristotle’s Day in the Institute of Philosophy is devoted to the grounding of the thesis about a turn of the modern logic to Aristotle. Both the prerequisites of such a turn and attitudes that led to some changes in the understanding of the logic are outlined. They rely in particular on the distinction between the acceptance of the content of the message and the belief in its truth. Toulmin’s model is involved in discussing the issue of the guarantees of the admissibility transferring from the premises to the conclusion of the argument. The consideration of this issue is continued by comparing the model with the contemporary interpretations of Aristotle’s “Topics”. The report is completed by the thesis on the applicability of dialectical model of reasoning to the defeasible reasoning, indicating that practical turn in contemporary logic is the turn to Aristotle.

Author Biography

Volodymyr Navrotskyy, Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine

doctor of sciences in philosophy, senior research fellow at the Department of Logic and Methodology of Science

References

Anscombe, G. E. M. (1957). Intention. Oxford: Blackwell. [= Anscombe 1957]

Aristotle (384-322 BC). Topics. In: J. Barnes (Ed.) (1984). The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation. V. 1 (pp. 167–277). Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press. [= Aristotle 1984]

Cohen, L. J. (1992). An Essay on Belief and Acceptance. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [= Cohen 1992]

Eemeren, F.H. van, Garrsen, B., Krabbe, E.C.W.A., Henkemans, F.S., Verheij, B., Wagemans, J.H.M. (2014). Handbook of Argumentation Theory. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer. [= Eemeren, Garrsen, Krabbe, Henkemans, Verheij, Wagemans 2014] https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9473-5]

Hage, J. (2005). Studies in Legal Logic. Dordrecht: Springer. [= Hage 2005]

Stump, Е. (1989). Dialectic and Its Place in the Development of Medieval Logic. Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press. [= Anscombe 1957]

Toulmin, S. E. (1964). The Uses of Argument. London, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Toulmin, S.E. (2006). Reasoning in Theory and Practice. In: D.L. Hitchcock, B. Verheij (Eds.). Arguing on Toulmin Model. New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation (pp. 25–29). Dordrecht: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_2.

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Published

2017-04-15

How to Cite

Navrotskyy, V. (2017). Aristotle’s “Topics” and the practical turn in the contemporary logic. Filosofska Dumka, (5), 27–32. Retrieved from https://dumka.philosophy.ua/index.php/fd/article/view/34

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