Vasyl Prits, Volodymyr Kuznetsov. The main features of the cosmological picture of the world





cosmology, philosophy of cosmology, Universe, picture of the world


Physical cosmology is one of the disciplines at the forefront of modern science. Using existing physical theories and creating own ones, it describes the dynamics and evolution of the Universe, transforms and modernizes the scientific picture of the world on the largest possible scale. The article analyzes the main presuppositions and outcomes of nowadays cosmology, which are based on fundamental physical principles (theories) and astronomical observations. It has been revealed that throughout its existence as a science (about 100 years), cosmology stimulated the emergence of a plenty of worldview-philosophical problems. Therefore, we need a comprehensive update of the philosophy of cosmology, which can help to realize such problems. Given the need for cooperation between cosmology and the philosophy of science, we propose to use various methodological, ontological, epistemological and other philosophical techniques to solve philosophical problems arising in cosmological research, as well as to generalize the existing knowledge about the Universe.

Author Biographies


Master of Physics and Astronomy, PhD Student, Chair of Social Philosophy, Philosophy of Education and Educational Policy,

National Pedagogical Dragomanov University

Ukraine, Kyiv, Pyrohova str., 9.


Doctor of Sciences in Philosophy, Principal Research Fellow at the Department of Logic and Methodology of Science, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine,

4, Triokhsviatytelska St., Kyiv, 01001


Vvedenskyi, A. (1897). On Atheism in Spinoza's Philosophy. [In Russian]. Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 37 (2), 157-184.

Zasov, A., Postnov, K. (2011). General Astrophysics. [In Russian]. Friazino: Vek 2.

Kuznetsov, V. (1977). Philosophical Analysis of the Foundations of Particle Physics. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.

Kuznetsov, V., Burgin, M. (1992). The World of Theories and Power of Mind. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Ukraina.

Popov, S. (2000). Large-scale structure of the universe. [In Russian]. Retrieved from:

Russel, B. (2017). The art of rational conjecture. [In Ukrainian]. In: Ja.V. Shramko (Ed.), Actual problems of spirituality (vol. 18, pp. 81-97). Kryvyi Rih.

Burgin, M.S., Kuznetsov, V.I. (1993) Properties in science and their modelling. Quality and Quantity, 27, 371-382.

Carroll, S. (2019). Something Deeply Hidden. Quantum Worlds and the Emergence of Spacetime. S.l.: Penguin Group (USA) LLC - Dutton.

Chaboyer, B., Krauss, L.M. (2002). Dark energy and the Hubble age. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1086/382121.

D'Agostini, G., Petit, J.P. (2018). Constraints on Janus cosmological model from recent observations of supernovae type Ia. Astrophysics and Space Science, 363 (7), 139. DOI: 10.1007/s10509-018-3365-3.

Dienes, K.R. (1997). String Theory and the Path to Unification: A Review of Recent Developments. Retrieved from: arXiv:hep-th/9602045. DOI: 10.1016/S0370-1573(97)00009-4.

Dyson, L., Kleban, M., Susskind, L. (2002). Disturbing Implications of a Cosmological Constant. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2002/10/011.

Einstein, A. (1917). Kosmologische Betrachtungen zur allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1, 142-152. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-663-19510-8_9.

Ellis, G. (2014). Why does cosmology need philosophy? Retrieved from:

Falck, B. (2018). Why cosmology without philosophy is like a ship without a hull. Retrieved from:

Frieman, J., Turner, M., Huterer, D. (2008). Dark energy and the accelerating Universe. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 46 (1), 385-432. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.astro.46.060407.145243.

Hawking, S. (2011). Why are we here? In: Google's Zeitgeist Conference. Retrieved from:

Hubble, E. (1929). A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 15, 168-173. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.15.3.168.

Kirshner, R.P. (2003). Hubble's diagram and cosmic expansion. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2536799100.

Krauss, L. (2012). A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing. New York: Free Press.

Krauss, L., White, M. (1992). Gravitational lensing and the variability of G. Astrophysical Journal, 397, 357-361. DOI: 10.1086/171792.

Narlikar, J.V. (2010). Fred Hoyle's Universe. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1007/s12045-010-0100-y.

Novosyadlyj, B., Tsizh, M. (2017). Voids in the Cosmic Web as a probe of dark energy. Retrieved from: DOI:10.5488/CMP.20.13901.

Oerter, R. (2006). The Theory of Almost Everything: The Standard Model, the Unsung Triumph of Modern Physics (Kindle ed.). New York: Penguin Group. DOI: 10.1063/1.2337829.

Riess, A., Filippenko, A., Challis, A. et al. (1998). Observational evidence from Supernovae for an accelerating Universe and a cosmological constant. The Astronomical Journal, 3, 1009-1038. DOI: 10.1086/300499.

Schlipp, P. (1949). Albert Einstein, Philosopher-Scientist. New York: Tudor Publishers.

Spergel, D.N. et al. (2003). First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: determination of cosmological parameters. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 148, 175-194. DOI: 10.1086/377226.

Visser, M. (1993). Hawking radiation: a particle physics perspective. Retrieved from: arXiv:hep-th/9204062. DOI: 10.1142/S0217732393001409.

Wood-Vasey, W.M. et al. (2007). Supernovae are good standard candles in the near infrared: Evidence from PAIRITEL. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1086/592374.

Zinkernagel, H. (2014). Philosophical aspects of modern cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 46, 1-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsb.2013.12.001.


Abstract views: 532



How to Cite

PRITS, V., & KUZNETSOV, V. (2020). Vasyl Prits, Volodymyr Kuznetsov. The main features of the cosmological picture of the world: PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCES. Filosofska Dumka, (2), 86–101.



Download data is not yet available.