HEIDELBERG MATURATION: phenomenological critique of psychoanalysis
LABORATORY OF MODERN HUMANITIES
Keywords:Kronfeld, Jaspers, phenomenology, phenomenological critique of psychoanalysis
This article attempts to historically reconstruct the phenomenological critique of psychoanalysis in order to establish a new framework of understanding psychoanalytic theory and practice, given the need for a new phenomenological justification of psychoanalysis as a special intersubjective experience of the analyst-analysand interaction.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a number of phenomenologically oriented psy- chotherapies emerged within Western psychiatry. All of them were more or less influenced or exist in polemics with psychoanalytic teaching and relied primarily on phenomenology in its broadest sense. First of all, we should mention such eminent psychiatrists as Eugene Minkowski, who created the original project of phenomenological existential psychopathology, and also Lud- wig Binswanger with his existential, or Dasein-analytical anthropology.
All these attempts in one way or another correspond to the general attitude of phenomenology to the critique of psychologism, and ultimately to naturalism of any kind. Therefore, their critique of psychoanalysis is primarily destructive, and psychoanalysis itself serves as one of the distinct ex- amples of naturalistic reductionism of the highest type. These all leads to the rejection of psycho- analytic theory and practice as scientific, that is, one that is based on the Newtonian and Cartesian mechanistic conception of nature, and therefore makes any anthropology impossible. That is why all the mentioned phenomenological projects of psychotherapy at one time or another positioned themselves as projects of philosophical anthropology in a therapeutic perspective.
The latest attempts at the phenomenological discovery of psychoanalysis can be seen as the rehabilitation of Kronfeld’s guidelines for the phenomenological justification of psychoanalytic experience.
Brill, A. (s.a.). Fundamental concepts of psychoanalysis / Tr. by E. Butsykin. [In Ukrainian]. [As a manuscript].
Kant, I. (2000). Critique of Pure Reason. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Univers.
Kebuladze, V. (2011). Phenomenology of experience. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh i Litera.
Sartre, J.-P. (2001). Being and Nothing. Essay on Phenomenological Ontology. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Osnovy.
Freud, Z. (1998). Introduction to Psychoanalysis. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Osnovy. [=Фройд 1998] Freud, Z. (2019). Dream Interpretation. [In Ukrainian]. Kharkiv: Folio.
Jung, K. (2014). Archetype and the Unconscious. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Ukrainskyi pesmennyk.
Anscombe, G.E.M. (2000). Intention. Ed. 2. S.l.: Harvard University Press..
Brentano, F. (1973). Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt. S.l.: Felix Meiner Verlag. Gehlen, A. (1988). Man: His Nature and Place in the world. S.l.: Columbia University Press. Fechner, T.G. (2017). Revision der Hauptpunkte der Psychophysik. S.l.: Hansebooks.
Freud, S. (1990). Five Lectures on Psycho-analysis (The Standard Edition). S.l.
Jaspers, K. (1946). Allgemeine Psychopathologie. S.l.: Springer.
Jaspers, K. (1963). Kausale und "verstandliche" Zusammenhange zwischen Schicksal und Psychose
bei der Dementia praecox (Schizophrenie). Gesammelte Schriften zur Psychopathologie. S.l.:
Jones, E. (1963). The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. New York.
Kronfeld, A. (1914). ber die psychologischen Theorien Freuds und verwandte Anschaungen.
gogik. Leipzig, Berlin: Verlsg von Wilhelm Engelmann.
Legrand, D: Trigg, D. (Eds.) (2017). Unconsciousness Between Phenomenology and Psychoanalysis.
Lomar, D., Brudzinska, J. (Eds.) (2012). Founding Psychoanalysis Phenomenologically: Phenomenological Theory of Subjectivity and the Psychoanalytic Experience. S.l.: Springer (Phaenomenologica 199).
Malinowski, B. (1937). Sex and Repression in Savage Society. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co, Ltd.
Malinowski, B. (1923). Psycho-Analysis and Anthropology. Nature, 112, November. Merlan, P. (1945). Brentano and Freud. Journal of the History of Ideas, 6, 3, 375-377. Scheler, M. (1947). Die Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos. Munchen.
Seligman, C.G. (1923). Psycho-Analysis and Anthropology. Nature, 112, November. Smith, G. E. (1923). Psycho-Analysis and Anthropology. Nature, 112, November.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).