THE RELIGIOUS AND LEGAL DIMENSION OF THE RUSSIAN WAR AGAINST UKRAINE AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF SOCIAL AND STATE TRANSFORMATIONS XX—XXI CENTURIES
Keywords:religion, law, state, church, war, Ukraine, Russia, secular religion, religious freedom, human rights
The article defines the nature of the Russian war against Ukraine in the context of social and state transformations of the 20th — 21st centuries. It is emphasized that this is a war of different worlds, mentalities, worldviews, ways of life, values, etc., which has been going on for many centuries in various forms (direct and mediated, open and veiled, hot and cold).
The role of the religious-legal factor in the Russian war against Ukraine at various stages of Ukrainian state formation (periods of the Ukrainian People’s Republic, Soviet, modern) is revealed. It is emphasized that it was during the time of the Ukrainian People’s Republic that the legal basis for the organization of the Ukrainian Local Orthodox Church, confessional differentiation and the establishment of freedom of conscience and interconfessional tolerance in Ukrainian society was created.
Emphasized attention is paid to the fact that in the Soviet period, the Russian war against Ukraine continued in a new, veiled, hidden, invisible (at first glance) form with the active use of the religious factor. The results of this period have been determined, namely: rampant militant/ scientific atheism, radical extermination, Russification of Ukrainian Orthodoxy, liquidation of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church and the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, etc.
Special attention is paid to the Soviet secular/political religion (Marxism-Leninism) as a key basis for the implementation of an aggressive policy regarding the historical memory and cultural identity of the Ukrainian people and a manipulative tool for the destruction of Ukrainian history, culture, worldview, nation, state and law in the information, hybrid, total, full-scale and other Russia’s wars against Ukraine.
The article substantiates that improved legislation with an effective legal mechanism for its implementation, a strong civil society with developed institutions, including the institution of religion (church), adequate guarantees of religious rights and freedoms are important factors in ensuring state, national, religious security and victory of Ukraine (at the current stage) in the war waged against it by the Russian Federation.
Buchma, О. (2022). Religion and law: a vector of interrelationship in modern conditions. SKHID (EAST), 3(4), 9-16.
Constitution (Basic Law) of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. (1978). [In Ukrainian]. Re- trieved from: http://static.rada.gov.ua/NEWSAJT/site/const/istoriya/1978.html
Constitution of Ukraine (1996). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/254к/96-вр#Text
Fylypovych, L., Aristova A. (Eds.) (2022). The Ukrainian world in its religious dimensions: a collective monograph. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Svit znan.
Fylypovych, L., Horkusha, O. (2015). The Revolution of Dignity as a place of action of the civil Church. [In Ukrainian]. In: History of religions in Ukraine. Science yearbook: in 2 books (book 1, pp. 593-601).
Golovakha, Ye. I., Bekeshkina, I. E., Nebozhenko, V. S. (1992). Democratization of society and development of the individual. From totalitarianism to democracy. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.
Grabovskyi, S. (2014). Usual fascism: Bulgarian book and Ukrainian realities. Ukrainskyi tyjden. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://tyzhden.ua/zvychajnyj-fashyzm-bolharska-kny- ha-j-ukrainski-realii/
Jhering, R. von (s.a.). Struggle for the right. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Intercontinental-Ukraine.
Kolodnyi, A. (2005). Ukraine in its religious images. [In Ukrainian]. Lviv.
Kolodnyi, A. M. (2013). Historiosophy of religion. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv.
Lenin, V. I. (1969). Full composition of writings. Ed. 5. Vol. 29. Philosophical notebooks. [In Russian]. Moscow.
Men, A. (1992). Difficult path to dialogue: Collection. [In Russian]. Moscow: Raduga.
Oleksandr Oles (1931). Remember. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://osvita.ua/school/literature/o/72198/
Popovich, M. (2005). Red century. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: ArtEk.
Putnam, G. F. (1977). Russian alternatives to Marxism: Christian Socialism and idealistic Liberalism in twentieth-century Russia. Knoxville.
RBC - Ukraine. (2022). Were the sects dreaming? The Security Council of the Russian Federation talked about the «desatanization» of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian]. https://www.rbc.ua/rus/news/primarilisya-sekti-radi-bezpeki-rf-zagovorili-1666711575.html.
Sheluhin S. P. (s.a.). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheluhin_Serhiy_Pavlovych
Sliusarenko, A. G., Tomenko, M. V. (1993). History of the Ukrainian Constitution. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv.
Yakunin, G. (s.a.). The true face of the Moscow Patriarchy. [In Russian]. Samizdat.
Yermolenko, A. (2022). Karl-Otto Apel's ethics of discourse as the "first philosophy" of the third paradigm. [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska dumka, 2, 23-38.
Zhelev, Zh. (1991). Fascism. Totalitarian state. [In Russian]. Moscow.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).