How to answer the main question of the intelligentsia?
The author asserts that the question is what should be done to protect the freedom and moral dignity in circumstances of conflict with unlawful power? Answering this question, he defines following conditions of freedom and dignity: 1) material (negative and positive), 2) rational, 3) social. The author focuses on 1) interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative as a principle of individual freedom as well as 2) application of the categorical imperative to solve the problem of conflict with unfair state institutions. The paper argues that the categorical imperative implies not only a personal-value aspect of freedom, but also a social-value one.
Рорти Р. Случайность, ирония и солидарность. — М.: Русское феноменологическое общество, 1996. — 280 с.
Эпштейн М. Знак пробела. О будущем гуманитарных наук. — М.: Новое литературное обозрение, 2004. — 864 с.
MacIntyre A.C. After virtue: a study in moral theory. — 3rd ed. — University of Notre Dame, 2007. — 286 p.
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