Classical philosophy under the value and historical point of view
The article clarifies the meaning of the term «Classical Philosophy», that usually is unproblematic used in modern philosophical academic literature and course books. The author argues that the meaning of this term, which is widely used today, is unacceptable for effective historic-philosophical researches, due to the fact that it has been made on the basis of classics approach explication, founded on the making sense of art. In particular, Classical Philosophy can be neither a standard for an inheritance nor something that refers exceptionally to history nor the specific type of philosophy. The fundamental idea of this article lies in the fact that this term is considered in both social and cultural and methodological aspects. Classical philosophy is the meaningfulness and actual foundation of present-day philosophizing. At the same time it is the means of arranging the great variety of empiric materials acquired from specific researching perspective. This article proves that the usage of such methodological tool as an ideal type «Classical Philosophy» helps to avoid serious problem situations while investigating the History of Philosophy. The author justifies the methodological potential of this approach making actual Heinrich Rickerts’ ideas a cultural meaningfulness of historical phenomena and theoretical referring to values, Karl R. Popper`s idea of third autonomous realm as a realm of objective knowledge and Karl T. Jaspers’ idea an actualizing interpretation.
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