What is classical philosophy? Approaches to the understanding of the classics and their relevance


  • Oksana Panafidina


classics, classical philosophy, philosophical community, ideal type, historico-philosophical research, cultural meaningfulness


The article presents the clarification of the meaning of the term «classical philosophy» which is usually used unproblematically in modern philosophical academic literature and study books. The author argues that the meaning in which this term is used is unacceptable for effective historico-philosophical research, as it is developed in the approaches to the explication of classics based on the conceptualization of the material of art. Particularly, classical philosophy can be neither a role model nor what appertains entirely to the past, nor an individual type of philosophy. The main idea of the article lies in the fact that we can consider the term «classical philosophy» in both socio-cultural and methodological aspects. Classical philosophy is a meaningful and topical foundation of present-day philosophizing and at the same time it is the way to arrange of huge empirical materials from certain research perspective. This article proves that if we will use such methodological tool as an ideal type «classical philosophy» we can avoid substantial problem situations in the studies of history of philosophy. The article attempts to substantiate the thesis that significant differences between art and philosophy make it difficult to apply value-normative, historical-descriptive and theoretical-typological approaches in historico-philosophical studies.

Author Biography

Oksana Panafidina

candidate of sciences in philosophy, associate professor at the Department of Philosophy, State Pedagogical University of Kryvyi Rih


Gadamer, H.-G. (2000). Truth and Method. Vol. І: Hermeneutics І: Basics of Philosophical Hermeneutics. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Universe. [= Ґадамер 2000]

Hegel, G.W.F. (1842). Vorlesungen über die Ästhetik. Hrsg. von H.G. Hotho. Erster Theil, Zweite Auflage. Berlin: Verlag von Duncker und Humblot.

Hegel, G.W.F. (1979a). Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse. Erster Teil. Die Wissenschaft der Logik. In Werke in zwanzig Bänden. Band 8. Frankfurt am Main.

Hegel, G.W.F. (1979b). Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie: Erster Teil. In Werke in zwanzig Bänden. Band 18, Frankfurt am Main.

Herder, J.G. (1965). Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit. 2 Bände, Band 2. Berlin; Weimar.

Jaspers, K. (2000). World History of Philosophy. An introduction. [In Russian]. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. [= Ясперс 2000]

Oizerman, T.I. (1999). Philosophy as a History of Philosophy. [In Russian]. Saint Petersburg: Aleteya. [= Ойзерман 1999]

Perov, Yu.V, (2010). Lectures on the History of Classical German Philosophy. [In Russian]. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. [= Перов 2010]

Pogorelov, O. (2001). The Nature of Philosophical Pluralism. [In Ukrainian]. Philosophical Thought, 5, 5–18. [=Погорєлов 2001]

Savelieva, I.M., Poletaev, A.V. (2010). Classical Heritage. [In Russian]. Moscow: PH GU-VShE. [= Савельева 2010]

Shramko, Ya.V. (2010). Philosophy: Science or Worldview? [In Ukrainian]. Actual problems of mind, 11, 98–112. [= Шрамко 2010]

Variety of Philosophical Discourse Genres (2001). [In Russian]. Yekaterinburg: Bank of cultural information. [= Многообразие 2001]


Abstract views: 635



How to Cite

Panafidina, O. (2019). What is classical philosophy? Approaches to the understanding of the classics and their relevance. Filosofska Dumka, (1), 74–86. Retrieved from https://dumka.philosophy.ua/index.php/fd/article/view/343



Download data is not yet available.