RELIGIOUS DIALOGUE AS A FACTOR OF SOCIAL STABILITY: FEATURES AND CHALLENGES IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN UKRAINIAN REALITIES

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2023.01.097

Keywords:

interreligious (interfaith) dialogue, religious dialogue, ambivalence of the sacred

Abstract

The article explores the relationship between the dialogical way of existence of religion and social stability. The author argues that dialogue is becoming a way of existence of religion in societies with a high level of religious freedom. The author emphasizes constructive types of communication between religions, one of which is traditionally interreligious (interfaith) dialogue. The definition of religious dialogue as a broad communication phenomenon is considered, which, in particular, involves the interaction of not only religions with each other (interreligious, interfaith dialogue), but also communication between religion and society (religious and social dialogue) on important issues of the present, and reactions to them. It is substantiated that the reluctance of a certain religious institution to engage in dialogue may be based on the theological position of the church caused by the phenomenon of «ambivalence of the sacred». Some ways to restore the dialogue of religions and overcome the conflict conditions of their interaction are proposed. In conclusion, it is noted that the «war of civilizations» launched by the Russian Federation in Ukraine brings the dialogue of religions to a new level, namely: requires a revision of certain theological theories, the formation of new theological visions; significantly actualizes the issues of justice, heroism, good and evil, the impossibility of violence, ethical problems and their reflection in theological thought; requires religions to take a civic stance, where it is no longer possible to speak of secularization in the sense of separation of religion from politics; sharpens and problematizes the attitude of religions to the national question as a result of the Russian Federation’s provoked terrorist methods of warfare, and thus the threat to humanity of genocide on a national basis; raises the issue of universal values, the humanistic paradigm and personal responsibility, which brings all religious systems too close together; meta-anthropologizes religion, absolutizes humanism as a value when a believer «goes beyond» mere existence to approach eternal truths, where the concept of «salvation» loses its narrowly individualistic characteristic.

Author Biography

Hanna KULAHINA-STADNICHENKO

Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Religious Studies, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 4 Triochsviatytelska St, Kyiv 01001

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Published

2023-03-06

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KULAHINA-STADNICHENKO, H. (2023). RELIGIOUS DIALOGUE AS A FACTOR OF SOCIAL STABILITY: FEATURES AND CHALLENGES IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN UKRAINIAN REALITIES. Filosofska Dumka, (1), 97–110. https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2023.01.097

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