Beauty benefit and intellect autonomy
The paper deals with Kant’s distinguishing between free and dependent beauty. On the basis of this distinguishing one can reveal the esthetic dimension of ethical. The author points to connection between the ability to experience of free beauty, freedom of will and intellect autonomy that is the esthetical, practical and theoretical aspects of human existence. In so doing the author notes the threats carried by the pure autonomous intellect. They are especially brightly distinguished in the Enlightenment project which contains the elements of totalitarianism that is indicated by Adorno and Horkheimer. The appeal to general intellect may turn into something that Popper calls “philosophy of oracles”, which try to interpret and then to transform the world, following general ideas of intellect. The Ortega y Gasset idea that each thing has its unimaginable ideal can serve as alternative.
Gadamer H.-G. Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik // Gadamer H.-G. Gesammelte Werke. Bd. I. — Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1990. — 495 S.
Horkheimer M., Adorno T.W. Dialektik der Aufklärung // Gesammelte Schriften. — Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Verlag, 1987. — Bd. 5.
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Kant I. Kritik der Urteilskraft. — Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1995. — 468 S.
Ortega y Gasset J. Estetica en el tranvia // Ortega y Gasset J. Obras Completas. — Madrid: Revista de Occidente, 1966. — T. II.
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