The mind-body problem(s) in Descartes’ “meditations” and Husserl’s “crisis” (Part1)

Authors

  • Andrii LEONOV

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2020.04.091

Keywords:

ontological (traditional) mind-body problem, conceptual mind-body problem, transcendental phenomenology, the lived-body (der Leib), Descartes, Husserl

Abstract

The main topic of this paper is the mind-body problem. The author analyzes it in the context of Hus- serlian phenomenology. The key texts for the analysis and interpretation are Descartes’ magnum opus “Meditations on the First Philosophy” and Husserl’ last work “The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology”. The author claims that already in Descartes’ text instead of one mind-body problem, one can find two: the ontological mind-body problem (mind-brain relation) and conceptual one (“mind” and “body” as concepts). In Descartes’ “Meditations”, the ontological level is explicit, while the conceptual level is implicit. In Husserl’s “Crisis”, on the other hand, the situation is different: the conceptual level of the problem (as the opposition between transcendental phenom- enology and natural sciences) is explicit, while the ontological level is implicit. Nevertheless, it seems that Husserl has answers to both the “traditional” as well as the “conceptual” mind-body problems.

Author Biography

Andrii LEONOV

Master of Philosophy, Doctoral Student at the Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities, Rice University, MS 14, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, Texas, 77251-1892, United States

References

Chalmers, D.J. (1995). Facing up to the Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2 (3), 200-219.

Chalmers, D.J. (1996). The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chalmers, D.J. (Ed.) (2002). Philosophy of mind: classical and contemporary readings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Crane, T. (2000). The Origins of Qualia. In: T. Crane, S. Patterson (Eds.), His- tory of Mind-Body Problem. London: Routledge.

Descartes, R. (1957). Meditationes de Prima Philosophia. In: Oeuvres de Descartes (vol. 7). Paris: Vrin.

Descartes, R. (2008). Meditations on First Philosophy. In: The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Tr. by J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, D. Murgoch, A. Kenny (vol. II). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gallagher, S., Zahavi, D. (2013). The Phenomenological Mind. S.l.: Routledge.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203126752

Husserl, E. (1960). Cartesian Meditations. An Introduction to Phenomenology. Tr. by D. Cairns. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-4952-7

Husserl, E. (1970). The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phe- nomenology. An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy. Tr. by D. Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Husserl, E. (1976). Die Krisis der Europaischen Wissenschaften und die Trans- zendentale Ph nomenologie. Eine Einleitung in die Ph nomenologische Philosophie. Hrzg. von W. Biemel. In: E. Husserl, Gesammelte Werke (Bd. VI). S.l.: HAAG Martinus Nijhoof.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-1335-2

Husserl,E.(1991).CartesianischeMeditationenundParisienVortr ge.In:E.Hus- serl, Gesammelte Werke (Bd. I). S.l.: Kluwer Academisc Publishers.

Husserl, E. (1995). Ideen zu reinen Ph nomenologie und Ph nomenologis- chen Philosophie. In: E. Husserl, Gesammelte Werke (Bd. III/1, Buch 1). S.l: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Husserl, E. (2012). Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. Tr. by W.R. Boyce Gibson. London, New York: Routledge.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203120330

Smith, D.W. (1995). Mind and Body. In: The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521430232

Smith, D.W. (2013). Husserl. 2 nd edition. S.l.: Routledge.

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203742952

Downloads

Abstract views: 295

Published

2020-11-04

How to Cite

LEONOV, A. (2020). The mind-body problem(s) in Descartes’ “meditations” and Husserl’s “crisis” (Part1). Filosofska Dumka, (4), 91–100. https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2020.04.091

Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)