THE GREAT BODY OF SOCIETY: IS THE NINTH CENTURY RETURNING?

Authors

  • Volodymyr Yermolenko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2020.05.060

Keywords:

collective body, absolute spirit, hedonism, ascetism, materialism, spiritualism, individualism, holism

Abstract

The author of the article puts a question about the limits of the 20th century individualism. He expresses a hypothesis about the cyclic nature of the cultural and political theory. In particular, he draws attention to the rhythm of changes of the hedonistic and ascetic ep- ochs, spiritualist and materialist epochs, individualist and holist epochs. The author ana- lyzes holistic doctrines of the 19th century: philosophies of Fabre d’Olivet, Auguste Comte, Pierre Leroux. Although today almost forgotten, the ideas of these authors can be revived again in the 21st century, he says. Based upon the analysis of the 19th century holism which the author did in his book Liquid ideologies, the author makes a hypothesis that the 21st century is becoming much less individualistic and much less materialistic than the 20th century. The metaphors of the “collective body” and “absolute spirit” are coming back in the 21st century, in the new form of the digital reality.

Author Biography

Volodymyr Yermolenko

Doctor in Political Studies (docteur en tudes politiques, France), candidate of Sciences in Philosophy, Senior Lecturer at the Literature Department, National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, 2, Skovoroda St., Kyiv, 04070

References

REFERENCES

Yermolenko, V.A. (2020). Fluent ideologies. Ideas and politics in Europe of the XIX–XX centuries. [In Ukrainian]. 2nd ed. Kyiv: Dukh i Litera.

Ballanche, P.-S. (1991). Essai sur les institutions sociales dans leur rapport avec les idées nouvelles. Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard.

Ballanche, P.-S. (1967). Réflexions diverses. In: P.-S. Ballanche, uvres compl tes. Gen ve: Slat- kine reprints.

Bonald, L.G.A., vicomte de (1982). Législation primitive. In: L.G.A.Bonald, vicomte de, Œuv- res complètes (vol. 2–4). Genève, Paris: Slatkine.

Comte, A. (1849). Calendrier positiviste, ou Système général de commémoration publique. Paris: La librairie scientifique–industrielle de L. Mathias.

Comte, А. (1852–1854). Système de politique positive, ou Traité de sociologie instituant la Religion de l’Humanité (4 vols.). Paris: La libraire scientifique-industrielle de L. Mathias; Chez l’auteur; Chez Carillan-Gœury et Vor Dalmont.

Fabre d’Olivet, A. (1822). De l’état social de l’homme, ou Vues philosophiques sur l’histoire du genre humain (2 vols.). Paris: J.L.J. Brière.

Leroux, P. (1840). De l’Humanité, de son principe et de son avenir. Paris: Perrotin.

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Published

2020-12-04

How to Cite

Yermolenko, V. (2020). THE GREAT BODY OF SOCIETY: IS THE NINTH CENTURY RETURNING?. Filosofska Dumka, (5), 60–72. https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2020.05.060

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