CONTEXTUALIZATION AS ONE OF THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES RESEARCH DURING THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2023.01.007

Keywords:

contextuality, Russian-Ukrainian war, methodological approaches, principles of academic religious studies

Abstract

The article proposes to deepen and expand the classical methodological approaches formulated at the beginning of the 21st century within the framework of academic religious studies. Based on the methodological works of the founder of modern Ukrainian religious studies, Prof. Kolodnyi, who first clearly defined the principles of the scientific study of religion, in particular objectivity, historicism, worldview neutrality, pluralism, etc., the authors justify the need for contextualization as one of the main methodological approaches in the study of current religious processes. They insist on rethinking not only the universality and effectiveness of some methodological principles in new circumstances — the Russian-Ukrainian war, but also on the actualization of new ones, critically rethinking their neglect in the pre-war period. It is proved that in the hierar- chy of religious principles, the principle of contextuality becomes a particularly sought-after re- ality of Russia’s war against Ukraine. Even the concepts that researchers use describing a new religious situation must be contextualized.

The authors remind about those contextual dangers for the life world of Ukraine that exist in its religious segment, highlighting external and internal factors that cannot be ignored when analyzing the contemporary religious situation in Ukraine and in the world. Analyzing the current reality, the authors conclude that contextuality as a methodological approach in religious studies should consider: 1) The event context — Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine — as a condition for the manifestation of religion, which determines its functional and substantive features; 2) Features, depth and intensity of research’s contextual inclusion/exclusion.

Tragic changes in the context of the life of Ukrainians — linguistic, cultural, informational, religious, etc. necessarily correct expert neutrality, objectivity, non-involvement. According to the authors, the war situation liberates from an unbiased, out-of-contextual analysis. The admis- sibility of such contextualization is a matter of debate.

Author Biographies

Liudmyla FYLYPOVYCH

Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Leading Research Fellow at the Religious Studies Department, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine, 4, Triokhsviatytelska St., Kyiv, 01001

Vita TYTARENKO

Doctor of Philosophy, Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Religious Studies, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine, 4, Triokhsviatytelska St., Kyiv, 01001

Oksana HORKUSHA

PhD in Philosophy, Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Religious Studies, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine, 4, Triokhsviatytelska St., Kyiv, 01001

References

Academic Religious Studies (2000). Ed. By professor Anatolii Kolodnyi. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: The world of knowledge.

Bronk, A. (2011). About the reasons for the impossibility of an unconditional and in this sense objective study of religion. [In Ukrainian]. Herald of PSTHU I: Theology. Philosophy, 5 (37), 85-98.

Disciplinary religious studies. Collective monograph (2009). Ed. by doctor of philosophy, prof. A. Kolodnyi. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv.

Functionality of Religion: The Ukrainian Context (2017). Monograph of the Religious Studies Department, H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Ed. by professors A. Kolodnyi and L. Fylypovych. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UAR.

Fylypovych, L. (2018). Methodological challenges for Ukrainian religious scholars: understand- ing the Maidan and the Russian-Ukrainian war. [In Ukrainian]. In: Society, state and church in the spectrum of interdisciplinary studies. Coll. of Materials of international scientific and practical conferences (pp. 110-114). Khmelnytskyi.

Fylypovych, L. (2021). Identity: diversity of methodological approaches to study. [In Ukrainian]. In: Religious identities in their essence and denominational dimensions: the Ukrainian context. Coll. monograph. Ed. by prof. A. Kolodnyi, prof. L. Fylypovych, prof. A. Aristova (pp. 9-16). Kyiv: UAR.

Fylypovych, L. (2022a). Variability of research methodologies in understanding the phenome- non. [In Ukrainian]. In: The Ukrainian world in its religious dimensions: Collective mono- graph. Ed. by professors L.Filipovich and A.Aristova (pp. 13-17). Kyiv: UAR. Retrieved from: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FhWP6mH_76WKJ6tzoMtQrxsEevx6KLVu/view

Fylypovych, L., Tytarenko, V. (2019). Public religion and public policy in Ukraine: external under the conditions of European integration and globalization challenges: Materials of an- nually All-Ukrainian scientific-practical conference with international participation: in 5 vols. Ed. by A.P. Savkova, M.M. Bilynska, O.M. Petroye (vol. 2, pp. 107-109). Kyiv: NADU.

Fylypovych, L., Tytarenko, V. (2020). Problematic aspects of interfaith and state-faith relations in the socio-political situation in Ukraine. Religious freedom, 24, 55-64.

https://doi.org/10.32420/rs.2020.24.1782

Fylypovych, L., Tytarenko, V. (2022c). Methodological challenges of religious understanding of religious reality in the conditions of war. [In Ukrainian]. In: Actual problems of modern philosophy and science: challenges of the present: Coll. of science works. Editorial bourd M.A. Kozlovets, L.V. Gorokhova, O.V. Chaplinska (pp. 166-169). Zhytomyr: Publishing Center of I. Franko State University. Retrieved from: http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/34171/1/ АПФН-2022.pdf

Fylypovych, L., Vladychenko, L. (2022b). The place and role of Ukraine in the geopolitical re- formatting of the world: religious aspects. [In Ukrainian]. Multiverse, 2 (176), 169-185.

Gabovych, O., Kuznetsov, V. (2022). Overview of modern philosophy of science. [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska dumka, 2, 137-154. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2022.02.137

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2022.02.137

Hardashchuk, T. (2022). Science and scientific communication in conditions of uncertainty. [In Uk rainian]. In: Communicative transformations in modern science: Monograph (pp. 140- 168). Kyiv: H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine. Retrieved from:

Horkusha, O. (2009). Philosophy of religion: the subject of branches. [In Ukrainian]. In: Disciplinary religious studies. Collective monograph. Ed. by prof. A. Kolodnyi (pp. 49-68). Kyiv: UAR.

Horkusha, O. (2012). Philosophy of religion as co-understanding of human search for religious meanings. [In Ukrainian]. In: Philosophy of religion in Ukraine: variability of strategies for understanding the subject. Collection of scientific papers. Ed. by A. Kolodnyi, O. Horkusha (pp. 83-97). Kyiv: UAR.

Horkusha, O., Fylypovych, L. (2021). Methodological algorithms of interfaith dialogue: the balance of worldview dispositions and levels of perception of reality as a condition for under- standing. [In Ukrainian]. In: Humanitarian discourse in the perspective of the 21st century: methodological principles. Coll. of materials of the conference. Chernivtsi: ChNU. Retrieved from: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1-s8hWnWXhOtxBM3s2jy74y1WZM3bmaX9/view

Kolodnyi, A. (2013). Historiosophy of religion. Monograph. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UAR.

Kolodnyi, A. (2020a). The phenomenon of religious studies. Monograph. Kyiv: Interservice. [In Uk- rainian]. Kyiv.

Kolodnyi, A., Fylypovych, L. (2020b). The concept of religious security: methodological approaches of academic religious studies. [In Ukrainian]. Sofia. Humanitarian and religious bulletin, 2 (16), 19-23.

https://doi.org/10.17721/sophia.2020.16.4

Kolodnyi, A., Fylypovych, L. (2022). Changes in the religious landscape of Ukraine in the conditions of war and challenges for state-confessional relations. [In Ukrainian]. In: The State and the Church in the History of Ukraine: Coll. of science articles (vol. 8, pp. 5-16). Poltava: V.G. Korolenko PNPU.

Krymskyi, S. (1992). Contours of spirituality: new contexts of identification. [In Russian]. In: Voprosy filosofii, 12, 22-29.

Maidan and Church. Chronicle of events and expert assessments (2014). Ed. by doctor of philosophy. L.O. Fylypovych and candidate of philosophy O.V. Horkusha. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Summit-Knyga.

Philosophy of religion in Ukraine: variability of strategies for understanding the subject (2012). Collection of scientific papers. Ed. by A. Kolodnyi, O. Horkusha. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UAR.

Practical religious studies. Collective monograph (2012). Ed. by prof. A. Kolodnyi and prof. L. Fylypovych. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Ukrainian Confederation of Journalists and Ukrainian Association of Researchers of Religion.

Religious security/danger of Ukraine. Collection of scientific works and materials (2019). Ed. by prof. A. Kolodnyi. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UAR.

Religious studies of Ukraine. Book one. Religious thought of Ukraine in the second millennium. Collective monograph (2013). Ed. by doctors of philosophy V. Klymov and A. Kolodnyi. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: UAR.

Research Methodology for Religious Studies Writings (s.a.). Retrieved from: https://writingcenter. unc.edu/tips-and-tools/religious-studies/

Research Methods in the Study of Religion (s.a.). Retrieved from: https://libguides.unm.edu/c.php?g=485351&p=7950681

The Routledge handbook of research methods in the study of religion (2011). Ed. by Michael Stausberg and Steven Engler. New York.

Toward the readers (2013). [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska dumka, 3, 4.

Tytarenko, V., Fylypovych, L. (2019). Public policy and public religion in the paradigm of re- ligious freedom. [In Ukrainian]. Religious freedom, 22-23, 44-56.

https://doi.org/10.32420/rs.2019.22-23.1650

Waardenburg, J. (1987). The study of religion in today's world. In: Religion in today's world: The religious situation of the world from 1945 to the present day. Edinburg.

War as a socio-cultural phenomenon: Round table of «Philosophical thought». Part 1 (2022). [In Ukrainian]. Philosophical thought, (3). P. 7-58.

Downloads

Abstract views: 220

Published

2023-03-06

How to Cite

FYLYPOVYCH, L., TYTARENKO, V., & HORKUSHA, O. (2023). CONTEXTUALIZATION AS ONE OF THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES RESEARCH DURING THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR. Filosofska Dumka, (1), 7–25. https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2023.01.007

Issue

Section

TOPIC OF THE ISSUE

Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.