PHILOSOPHY AS A FACTOR OF SPIRITUAL INDEPENDENCE OF UKRAINE
Keywords:spiritual independence, philosophical independence, paradigmatic turn in philosophy, civilizational choice
The article examines the problems of philosophy development in Ukraine during the thirty years of independence; an attempt is made to periodize this development. It is shown that the independence of Ukraine, in addition to the state, political and economic dimensions, also contains a spiritual component associated with religious, cultural, linguistic, and ideo- logical independence. The key here was independence from the Moscow Church and cre- ating an autocephalous Orthodox Church in Ukraine. Nevertheless, since, according to the Constitution of Ukraine, no ideology can be recognized by the state as mandatory, spiritual independence is also a secular category and presupposes worldview and philosophical inde- pendence. The article highlights several stages of the creation of philosophical independ- ence. First, the first stage required overcoming the ideologically biased philosophy of Rus- sian Marxism, that is, Marxism-Leninism. The second stage is the involvement of Ukrainian philosophy in the models of modern world philosophy, the assimilation of its leading trends and paradigmatic complexes. The role of translations of philosophical classics and modern philosophical literature in entering philosophy into world philosophical thought in Ukraine is also shown. Finally, the third stage is related to solving the critical problems of our time, related to globalization, ecological crisis, universalism and particularism in ethics, ethical reclamation of modern society, etc. The article also deals with the role of philosophy and philosophical education in substantiating the value orientations of the development of Uk- rainian society, the formation of communicative, moral, professional competencies of citi- zens as a factor in the civilizational choice of Ukraine.
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