KARL-OTTO APEL’s ETHICS OF DISCOURSE AS THE «FIRST PHILOSOPHY» OF THE THIRD PARADIGM

100th ANNIVERSARY FROM THE BIRTHDAY OF KARL-OTTO APEL

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2022.02.023

Keywords:

deliberative democracy, discourse, responsibility, communication, paradigm, co-respon- sibility

Abstract

Based on the concept of the third paradigm of the «first philosophy», the article analyzes the theo- retical and practical philosophy of Karl-Otto Apel. The role of discursive practices as a paradig- matic basis of the philosophy of communication and meta-institutions of all the rest institutions of society is revealed. The author considers the achievements of Ukrainian philosophers in the study of Apel’s heritage, as well as the possibilities of applying Apel’s philosophical theorizing in the study of Ukrainian realities, development of the Ukrainian ethos, and possibility of theo- retical substantiation and practical legitimization of institutions and values. In addition to this, it is also about the relationship between universalist morality and the particular ethos of local worlds, as well as the relationship between the concepts of universalist ethics and global ethos. Using Apel’s methodology, the author of the article argues that the revival of the conventional ethos and the institutional stage of development of moral consciousness does not end the problem of moral development of the Ukrainian nation. The next, no less important, task is the transition to a potentially democratic postconventional morality, which is achieved by communicative ratio- nalization of the world, the creation of institutions of deliberative democracy. The great role and influence of Apel’s philosophy in the world, which is manifested in the fact that there is a kind of communicative international, which unites many supporters of the Apel paradigm in such well known organization as the “Karl-Otto Apel Centro Filosofico Internazionale”, and in such journals as “Topologik”, “Ethik+Diskurs”, etc., which conduct researches based on the Apel paradigm.

Author Biography

Anatoliy YERMOLENKO

Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Professor, Doctor of Philosophy, Director of the H.S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine, 4, Triokhsviatytelska St., Kyiv, 01001

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Published

2022-08-17

How to Cite

YERMOLENKO, A. (2022). KARL-OTTO APEL’s ETHICS OF DISCOURSE AS THE «FIRST PHILOSOPHY» OF THE THIRD PARADIGM : 100th ANNIVERSARY FROM THE BIRTHDAY OF KARL-OTTO APEL. Filosofska Dumka, (2), 23–38. https://doi.org/10.15407/fd2022.02.023

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